The Most Unique Churches and Museums

THE CHURCH OF ST. BARBARA

The Church of St. Barbara is a monument of Gothic architecture located in Šibenik. It is a single-naved church whose building started at about 1400. Above the main entrance there is a Gothic niche with a sculpture of St. Nicholas, the work of Italian artist Bonino from Milan.

The Gothic window with the votive sculpture at its bottom was ordered by Šibenik's doctor Marco in 1419 and was placed in the north wall. It is a unique example of a medieval relief, presenting the doctor's features on the side facing the Adriatic. Today the church also houses a little museum with some very important works from the period between the 14th and 17th century.

THE CHURCH AND MONASTERY OF ST. FRANCIS 

St. Francis Church was raised in the second half of the 14th century at the furthest south-east part of Šibenik's historic core. The church represents spacious single-vessel Gothic architecture without decorative elements. In the front is the main entrance with a stone frame and a lunette with the remains of frescos from the 14th century, and in the Holy Cross Chapel is an organ built in 1762 by Petar Nakić, a renowned maker of those instruments.

Within the architectural complex of Šibenik's Conventual Franciscans there is also a monastery dated back to the 14th century. Since cultural-historic works of art were collected in this monastery for many centuries, it represents a place where a great deal of the city's monumental heritage is kept. The library is accentuated with a collection of 140 incunabula, as well as a collection of hand-written codices. Also found here is the "Šibenik Prayer", one of the oldest works of Croatian literature, written in Latin script around 1375.

THE CHURCH OF THE LADY OF MOUNT CARMEL

Looking from the sea, the panorama of Vodice is dominated by Okit Hill with its Church of the Lady of Mount Carmel. The first church on this rise was built in the 17th century, probably on the foundations of an earlier chapel.

In the early 20th century, the Way of the Cross Church was built from the foot to the top of the hill with fourteen chapels, each one marking one station of the Way of the Cross. The church was expanded with several additions, but it was destroyed twice, during World War II and the Homeland War. The present appearance of the exquisite contemporary church is a work of renowned Zadar architect Nikola Bašić.

THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY CROSS

This little parish church in the sea resort of Vodice was constructed in 1402 in the Gothic style, typical for rural sacral architecture. From the same year dates a document with the first mention of the town of Vodice, therefore the construction of the church was closely connected with the foundation of the present-day town. The main feature of the inner part of the church is a small baptismal font on the pillar, a unique example in the area of Šibenik, which dates from the Romanesque-Gothic period.

KRAPANJ MONASTERY

On the island of Krapanj there is the Monastery of the Holy Cross that has significant historic value. On its place a church was constructed in 1523 and rebuilt in 1937, contributing to today's look of the monastery. The monastery keeps many valuable objects protected by the state.

The most valuable exhibits are "The Last Supper" (a beautiful fresco by the 16th century Italian artist Francesco da Santa Croce) and "The Black Madonna on the Throne" (a prised Renaissance painting). In its library there are many other values, such as the Bible from 1474 and 23 incunabula. There is also a little museum containing sponges, corals, amphorae and old pottery collections.

ŠIBENIK TOWN MUSEUM

The Town Museum of Šibenik was founded on December 20th 1925, on occasion of the thousandth anniversary celebration of the Croatian Kingdom, and it is nowadays located in the former Duke's Palace near St. James's Cathedral. The Duke's Palace took part in the coastal defence system built up in the 13th and 14th century and its adaptation was finished in 1975, making the modern functioning of the museum possible.

The complete museum material is divided in three main collections: the archaeological department, the cultural-historical department and the department of recent history. The museum has achieved the most significant results in the field of scientific activities, exhibitions and publishing. Numerous archaeological sites near Šibenik and the nearby coastal waters have been researched and over 300 exhibitions organized, and many editions extremely valuable for the illumination of Šibenik's history have been issued by the organization.

BETINA MUSEUM OF WOODEN SHIPBUILDING

The charming Museum of Wooden Shipbuilding in the village of Betina on Murter Island offers an interactive stroll through the history of exceptional craftsmanship. The museum reveals the story of the old master builders and specifies the reasons why they have achieved such international renown in building outstanding wooden ships.

The permanent exhibition highlights the skills of Betina's shipbuilders and educates about distinctive and colourful first-rate vessels, from small fishing boats called "kaić" to larger cargo ships. However, the pride and joy of Betina is definitely "gajeta", a 5 to 8 m long and 2 to 2.6 m wide boat with the sail as an elementary navigational tool, protected by the Croatian Ministry of Culture as a part of the national intangible heritage.

FAUST VRANČIĆ MEMORIAL CENTRE

On the small island of Prvić, protected by the Croatian Ministry of Culture and located close to the town of Vodice, there are only two settlements. On this charming island famous Croatian inventor, engineer, historian, linguist, diplomat, humanist and bishop Faust Vrančić spent his childhood. The summer residence of his family is placed in Prvić Šepurine, where the last members of this well-known and noble family still live. In the other settlement on the island, Prvić Luka, the tomb of that great man is placed in the Church of St. Mary of Mercy, and only a few meters away visitors can see the temporal exhibition of the models of his inventions, counting about 50 hand-made.

Some of Vrančić's inventions on display include: the mill on the boat, the mill with the contact wheel, the iron bridge, the bridge in Vienna, Homo Volans or a flying man, the sundial, the oil press, the sea-bottom cleaner, as well as the dictionary of five European languages, including the first Croatian and Hungarian printed dictionaries ever.
Published
October 04, 2017
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